Possibly one of the most critically endangered animals in the world, the addax is very close to becoming extinct in the wild. A recent survey by the IUCN had only found 3 remaining in the wild.


Addax nasomaculatas

Also known as screwhorned antelope, these stunning animals are one of the most critically endangered mammals with only a handful of them remaining in the wild today.

Many years ago addax used to form large herds numbering in the hundreds, but sadly today they can only be found singly or in small groups.

Addax have many adaptations to help them survive in their native desert environment, they can go most of their life without drinking water.

  • Addax
  • Addax


Critically Endangered

Addax are listed as critically endangered on the IUCN red list.

Addax only found in Termit & Tin Toumma National Nature Reserve in Niger. Their habitat includes:

  • Desert

Addax are herbivores and feed mainly on leaves, shrubs and bushes.

Addax have a number of threats that include:

  • Habitat Loss
  • Hunting


Hunting and the spread of agriculture have left this animal with a very uncertain future. It is probable that the only reason the addax still exists today is that it live in a hostile environment that man finds difficult, if not impossible to navigate. They have been reintroduced in North Africa into protected areas. Introduction into the wider area are not possible because of the terrain and inhospitable nature of the environment. The animals will be able to survive but it would be difficult for the conservationists to track, monitor and protect them from poachers.


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